As cars become more autonomous and cities deploy more sensors and instruments, they will also become smarter. To drive this intelligence, the smart city IT infrastructure must be able to collect, protect, and analyze this data from autonomous vehicles. Autonomous vehicles can significantly improve their performance by integrating data from smart cities.
If connectivity and local computing power are improved, self-driving cars will be more efficient than most consumers and commercial operators can accept. In order to keep traffic moving, stakeholders must consider how to enable the exchange of data and directions between autonomous vehicles and how this data can be analysed and processed in real time. Smart city and self-driving car are dependent on each other, but also on the smart cities in which they operate. This discussion is hypothetical, but it deserves to be highlighted: the safety of the city means keeping traffic flowing and ensuring the safety of cars.
Ask anyone which city is leading the way in self-driving cars, and they’ll probably guess San Francisco or New York.
On the contrary, I expect these Rust Belt metropolises to become the world’s first “smart cities” with self-driving cars. Townsend, who has spent a lot of time thinking about how this technology will affect cities and their residents, argues that those studying the impact of autonomous vehicles are focusing too much on cars, and not enough on the other self-driving vehicles that will soon appear. These changes, such as the automation of mass transit, will make cities more livable and attractive to a wider range of people, not less.
Automated vehicles with software that can be updated at any time can dramatically adapt over time to a variety of conditions such as weather, traffic, weather patterns and weather conditions.
That is why autonomous actors need to focus on working with cities to understand how autonomous technologies can be integrated and adapted to cities. That is why there are a number of progressive cities that are planning connected and autonomous vehicles, using upgrades that include the use of smart urban infrastructure such as smart streets and smart buildings. In cities with driverless cars, traffic accidents have been reduced by almost 90%, which significantly improves road safety.
While self-driving cars are not yet on the road, municipalities are already laying the foundations for the autonomous age. Shir says real-time information is crucial for cities that want to take control of their own transport infrastructure, such as Nexar, which crowdsourced a database of 100 million kilometres. Cities that best address these mobility challenges will be those that can offer their inhabitants a better quality of life and become more desirable places to live by attracting more investment in building smart cities and developing smart infrastructure.
Public-private partnerships will prove crucial to making smart cities more attractive to both the private and public sectors, experts say.
While it is too early to predict exactly what the future holds for self-driving cars, the rapid advancement and promise of technology suggest that it will continue to gain ground and move toward the mainstream. The sector still has many constraints to overcome before technology can function as it ideally imagines, but if it continues to improve its current trajectory, there is no doubt that self-driving vehicles will eventually be rolled out on a large scale, paving the way for a significant reduction in accidents related to accidents, congestion and other road accidents. And the broader societal impact of the proliferation of automobile-based jobs, such as in the transportation sector, should be taken seriously.
Self-driving vehicles, which are forecast to reach 33 million units of global sales by 2040, could contribute to and benefit from a significant reduction in congestion and other traffic accidents and the creation of new jobs in the transport sector. Combined with rapid technological advances in areas such as driverless cars and smart cities, this suggests that it is only a matter of time before robotic drivers take to the roads in large numbers.
Connected cars will minimise congestion, enable safe navigation, optimise parking spaces, minimise pollution and traffic flow, optimise parking, ultimately create greener spaces and enable safer navigation. Smart cities can harness technological growth to improve their lifestyles more effectively and move towards a more efficient future. By sharing data, vehicles, self-driving or otherwise, could be able to use city data to make route decisions, while cities could use constantly updated information to analyze traffic, population, maintenance needs, and more.
When smart cars come to market, other vendors will take a different approach and try to appeal to millennials and other consumers who may have a new perspective on car ownership and use. Safety and environmental concerns with these vehicles have led many millennial- and Gen Z-customers to rely on public transportation and ride-sharing, meaning that individual self-driving cars may not be as desirable as manufacturers expect. According to Joe D’Agostino, senior vice president of marketing at Uber, bringing a self-driving car into the world of public transport is a “different story.”